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How to get out of debt, is probably not something you search for casually. It’s usually when you feel stuck. You want to do things, or you see other people doing things, and you realize you can’t.
We’ll always have the occasional emergency, like the car breaking down at the worst possible time. But those are usually fixed in a day or two.
The problem with debt, is that it sneaks up on you until you suddenly realize that it too, is an emergency. But getting out of debt will take longer than a few days to fix.
So here, we’ll lay out a simple plan that’ll not only help you eliminate debt, but enable you to avoid it in the future.
Whether you like your job or not, the reason we spend a third of every day there, is so one day we can call it quits and do whatever we want.
Using a budget, and spending money intentionally is a way to make sure that day comes while we’re healthy enough to actually enjoy it.
So how much do you really need to save?
Well, depending on the standard of living you expect to have, let’s try using the 4% rule. This pretty widely used estimate says, that you can safely withdraw 4% of your savings in each year of your retirement, without running out of money.
Your total savings:
- $500,000 – 4% a year is $20k.
- $1 million – 4% a year is $40k.
- $1.5 million – 4% a year is $60k.
- $2.0 million – 4% a year is $80k.
So, it’s easy to see, you’ll never be able to walk away from work completely, unless you have some serious cash saved.
One big milestone, is getting your first 100k saved. Because once you do, now you have the magic of compound interest helping you. Saving from 100k to 200k takes less time than it took to get to 100k. And getting from 200k to 300k, even less time, and so on.
The key is getting started. If it takes two decades to save the first 100k because you’re stuck in debt, that’s a problem.
Whether it’s car payments, furniture payments, a high mortgage – if you can’t afford to put away a minimum of 10% of each paycheck, before any bills are paid, then debt is a problem that’ll get worse each year.
Take a Step Back and Understand How You Got Here
If debt is a real problem for you, then understanding how you got here might help to motivate you to fix your situation.
Granted, we do pay for a lot of things – cable TV, cell phones, wifi etc, that society considers “necessary” that weren’t even around a generation ago.
But there’s another way debt sneaks up on you.
Spend an hour browsing through your Facebook feed, and there’s a good chance you’ll come away wondering what’s wrong with your life.
- One friend is lounging on a beach in Mexico.
- Another friend is checking in from dinner and drinks at a nice restaurant, or a concert or sporting event.
- Someone else is anchored in the bay on a beautiful afternoon.
See the pattern?
We’re only seeing the highlights. We have no idea how our friend paid for her vacation, or dinner, or the concert. For all we know, they could be in debt up to their eyeballs.
But by seeing little snippets of everyone’s life – only the good parts of course, it’s easy to be convinced that something’s missing from our life.
FOMO is powerful when we start fixating on everyone around us, and it’s easy to start reaching for things that make no sense for us. So much so, that according to CNBC, 40% of citizens can’t cover even a $400 emergency.
How about you?
Do you find yourself spending money for things you don’t have the cash for, because it seems like you’re “supposed” to have them?
Or you feel inadequate because other people have them and you don’t?
What Will it Take to Get Out of Debt?
Oprah Winfrey once said,
“People who get what they want, tend to be the ones who know what they want”.
And I might add…
“and make the decisions each day to move in that direction”.
By “knowing what they want”, she was referring to longer term goals. Something you want to see materializing in your life – more than anything else – within the next 3 to 5 years.
Working to pay bills is urgent. but what’s important to you?
The motivation to get out of debt, and stay that way, is gonna take more than working and throwing money at your Visa bill.
Here’s an example of a goal that’ll help eliminate debt:
Suppose you’re dating someone, and you take a vacation to Charleston, South Carolina. You’re planning to get married in two years, and you both love Charleston so much, that you’d like to start your life together there.
But right now, you each owe over $10k in credit card debt. You’re paying a student loan too, and you each have car payments.
But now you have a common goal. Something you both want more than anything else.
Now when you browse through your Facebook feed, and see your friend on the beach in Mexico, or your neighbors dining out for the third time this month, it doesn’t bother you.
Those things are nice, but you’re not tempted now, because you have your own goal. Your long-term goal to move to Charleston is now your north star, that guides every spending decision you make for the next couple years.
Now it’s easier to say no thanks to the things that might be nice, but for now, aren’t right for you.
You know what you want now, and you know that your choices each day are gonna get you there.
Where do you want to be in 3 to 5 years?
- In another job? Maybe one that requires more training?
- In another home?
- Debt free with XX dollars saved?
- Finally launch that side business you’ve been kicking around?
It’s urgent to get up and go to work each day. But it’s important to have a reason. Something that you, yourself want, and are working towards. That’s where the clarity comes from when you’re faced with 1001 things all competing for your paycheck.
Step 1 - Getting it on Paper (Or Online)
So now, we have a good idea of what got us into debt. And we know that time is critical. If we spend the next decade living paycheck to paycheck, it’s gonna seriously affect our life later.
But like any journey, we need a plan to get from point A (now), to point B (debt free)?
We need to know how much money is coming in, and exactly where it’s going.
We need a budget.
But it doesn’t need to be complicated. Here’s a couple ways to get started:
You can pick up a notebook for a few dollars, and write down the categories of your expenses, like home expenses, food, utilities, clothing etc. Then grab your bank statement, and copy each expense to a category. Once you account for everything you’ve spent for the month, compare it to your income.
An easier way is to use a budget template. Your template will have all the categories already listed so all you’ve gotta do is fill in your monthly expenses.
A template will speed up the process, but it’ll also make it easy to compare months and see where you’re making progress.
Here are 10 Free Budget Templates you can take a look at and download whichever one you like.
Got your categories listed?
Good, now you’ll need your bank statement. You want to capture every nickel you’re spending, and put it into a category.
Don’t be surprised, if your expenses are higher than your income. It happens. But we’re gonna start reversing that.
Step 2 - Schedule Regular Budget Meetings
Now that you can see where your money’s going, you’ll need to make some decisions on where you might cut back, and what your priorities are.
So if this is gonna affect your lifestyle and your spending, you want to have buy-in from whoever else spends money.
You want to agree that from now on, things will be different.
Not worse, just different.
If you live by yourself, this will be an easy meeting.
But whether it’s a party of one or two, make a point of sitting down once a week for a 15-20 minute low-pressure “money meeting”.
Your weekly money meeting is just a time to strategize together about things like:
- Did we stay within our budget this week?
- Are our budgeted amounts working?
- What’s happening next week? Any work lunches you need to plan for, or birthdays you’ll need a gift for? Does the car need an oil change?
Having this short, low-pressure get together reinforces the fact that you’re heading in the same direction, and there are no surprises to throw you off-track.
Step 3 - Start an Emergency Fund
This is a simple concept that prevents so many people from getting out of debt:
Your checking account should be for budgeted money, and maybe a small buffer. You need a separate account for emergencies.
The whole point of writing and using a budget is to have a predictable flow of money from your checking account. Suddenly throwing a $900 car repair into your carefully planned budget will probably:
- Cause you to skip a bill or two, and spend every last dime trying to pay for the emergency.
- Or put you deeper into debt by paying for it on a credit card.
This is what makes people throw up their hands in frustration and give up.
I thought for years, that I couldn’t afford to have an emergency fund, but that’s living with a scarcity mindset. Pinching pennies for this month, without regard for the bigger picture is a paycheck to paycheck trap .
You can’t afford not to have an emergency fund.
If you’re really struggling with debt right now, forget about the recommended 3 to 6 months of expenses. But do everything in your power to get $1000 into a separate account.
Whether it’s a brake job on the car, a medical expense or some other emergency – the next one will come when you least expect it. And the last thing you want to do, especially now, is to add to your debt.
I found a way to build an emergency fund in very small increments, and have it done automatically. I barely notice the contributions, and as of today I have $931.04 in it.
It costs me $2.99 per month, but here’s why it’s been a lifesaver:
We have two cars, and neither of them are new. My emergency fund has paid for about 4 repairs over the last year, and every cent has come from my emergency fund.
Whenever I need to withdraw money from it, the automatic transfers ensure that I have enough for the next emergency.
If it sounds like it’ll help you, here’s how I set it up in about five minutes.
Most emergencies are less than $1000, so getting that into a separate account is huge.
If you want to get out of debt steadily, without unexpected emergencies wiping out your progress, you absolutely need to be able to pay cash for them.
You can do this!
Step 4 - Start Attacking Your Debt
So we know where our money’s going, and we’ve started an emergency fund. Now we want to start crushing our debt.
We need a plan.
Two popular get out of debt methods, are the debt snowball and the debt avalanche.
They’re similar, in that you pay minimum payments on each of your debts except one. On that account, you pay every penny you can, until you eliminate it.
Here’s the difference:
The Debt Snowball
You’d pay the minimum payment on each account except the one with the smallest balance. On the account with the smallest balance, you pay the minimum, plus every extra dollar you can, until you eliminate it.
The debt snowball’s advantage is that you get quick wins by paying off smaller accounts faster. It’s a psychological boost, and a motivator.
Then once we eliminate the smallest debt, we focus on the next smallest:
The Debt Avalanche:
The debt avalanche uses the same systematic approach, except that you’d pay the minimum on each account except the one with the highest interest rate. For that one, you’d pay every dollar you can, until you eliminate it.
Then you’d continue to pay the minimum payment on each account except the one with the next highest rate. And you’d continue this pattern until you get out of debt completely.
It’s possible that overall, the debt avalanche may save you some money in interest payments.
But I still prefer the debt snowball, because to me, it’s more motivating to see accounts wiped clean faster. There’s a psychological boost that encourages you to want to sacrifice even more.
Whichever method you use, try to remember:
Be consistent. Keep hammering away.
Have your weekly budget meetings to make sure everyone is on the same page.
You don’t need to wait until the due date to pay a bill. If you get a bonus, or a gift, go online and make a payment right away.
Use Your Budget as a Tool
Once you open your emergency fund, and start either the debt snowball or debt avalanche, you might find you’re only able to pay a small amount towards debt each month.
Don’t be discouraged.
Each month you use your budget, it’ll become more useful. You’ll see patterns of where most of your money is going, and you can work on lowering one expense at a time.
Here’s some of the low-hanging fruit – some of the expenses that drain most budgets:
- Add up everything you spent on food last month. Groceries, take-out, restaurants, work lunches. The total might surprise you. But here’s a way you might save several hundred dollars pretty quickly.
- Do you pay for cable TV? If you do, you’re paying for dozens of channels you never watch, and you’re probably throwing money away to rent their equipment. Here’s how we canceled cable and watch the same content for over $100 less each month.
- Look for patterns with your spending. When does it seem like you spend the most? On the weekends maybe?
- Are there any habits you might be able to cut back on temporarily, like paying for the gym?
- Do most of your payments fall in one half of the month? Try changing some of the due dates.
Being consistent is the key.
Don’t worry that your first month or two of using your budget shows you’re living way beyond your means. That’s exactly what it’s for. To give you the information you need to make things better.
Of course, the other way to eliminate debt, in addition to cutting back, is to bring in more money.
Here are 20 side hustles you can get started on that don’t require experience.
The Real Problem Might Not be Money
The biggest lesson I learned while climbing out of debt, is that I was focusing on the wrong issue. Money was a problem, but it was really a symptom of other problems.
- I had no long-term plan. I was contributing to a 401k, but had no emergency fund, and no goals that would have motivated me to manage my money. I was just working to pay bills.
- I no longer enjoyed the work I was doing, but the salary and benefits were good. I should have been picking up other skills that would have enabled me to do something I enjoyed more – and possibly made more money.
- I didn’t have the discipline to write down a budget and figure out where I was wasting money.
- I sat in front of the TV or browsed Facebook for hours each night.
So getting out of debt isn’t always a matter of cutting back or making more money.
Sometimes it’s about having a direction and then deciding what’s gonna help you get there and what isn’t.
What to Do Once You Pay Off Your Debt
When you finally make that last debt payment, it’s time to celebrate. Cheaply.
By eliminating those monthly payments, you’ve opened up a lot more possibilities in your life.
- If you want to transition to another career, you’ll be able to afford some training.
- You can actually save money and feel more secure.
- If you have a hobby, you’ll be able to spend a few bucks on it.
- When the car breaks down, it won’t ruin your week. Or your month.
Once you’re done celebrating, there’s a few things you’ll want to do now that you’re debt free:
1. Get a credit report
Chances are, there’s some negative information in yours, especially if you were using more than 30% of your available credit.
Now you can make sure it’s correct. Most credit reporting agencies (including AnnualCreditReport) will give you a summary, but not your FICA score unless you pay for it.
I’ve been using Credit Sesame because they’ll give you the same summary as Annual Credit report, but they’ll also give you your FICA score for free. There’s no charge at all to use them, and it’s a secure service.
2. Keep Building Your Emergency Fund
When you get to the point where you have 3 to 6 months of expenses saved, then you can start ramping up your retirement savings.
Remember, getting that first 100k is the hardest, but after that…you’ll see it grow quicker.
3. Have a Personal Goal to Focus On
Having a personal goal, or a joint goal with your partner is a key to developing the mindset you’ll need to get out of debt.
Spending decisions come at us multiple times a day. So your decision process can’t be:
“Do I have the money in my account today?“
It needs to be:
“Does this make sense for me at this point? Even if my debt is paid off, is this contributing to the life I want?“
You’ll always see your friend’s Facebook feeds, showing the highlights of their lives. Do you deserve that Mexican vacation, or the concert tickets, or the dinners out?
Of course you do!
But what you really deserve is to have a plan – one that’s right for you and your family.
A plan that’s protecting you from emergencies, and moving you closer each day to your goal.
When you put in the work to become debt free, your opinion of consumer debt will probably change. You’ll stop looking at debt as a solution to problems, and start seeing it as a problem to be avoided.
A debt reduction and life plan doesn’t mean you’ll be living the life of a monk. It just means you’ll spend money intentionally, and according to your own values. You’ll make temporary sacrifices, but over time, you’ll have a lot less regrets.
How about you?
Are you in the process of reducing debt? Has anything worked well for you?
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